Adhesive:
Water-based products used to bond synthetic turf seams and inserts and, at times, synthetic turf to the base. Synthetic turf adhesives are made of urethane and/or epoxy.

Backing:
Materials that make up the back of the turf and also secure the fibre tufts.

Colour:
Various colour combinations that may be utilized to match the natural appearance of grass within certain regions. Deep green colours are typically chosen for climates where grass stays green all year. Lighter green colours are paired with brown thatch and may be chosen for dry drought-prone climates.

Compaction:
An increase in the density of something. Field base materials should be thoroughly compacted to prevent any significant settlement across the area where the synthetic turf will be placed.

Crumb Rubber:
Derived from recycled scrap car and truck tires, crumb rubber is metal-free and falls into two different categories: Ambient and Cryogenic.

Denier:
A unit of linear mass density of fibres.

Density:
Mass per unit volume or the amount of pile fibre in the turf and the closeness of the tufts.

Drainage:
Designed to carry away water that percolates through the turf.

Durability:
The ability to endure, relates to the resistance of the synthetic turf system and the environment.

Extrusion:
The process of transforming liquid plastic into individual solid fibres by pushing the liquid plastic through a fixed cross sectional profile that is designed to form each individual blade of turf. For example: A turf can be extruded with a ‘W’ shaped profile or ‘U’ shaped profile.

Face Weight:
The weight of fibres within the product, not including the weight of the backing.  Greater face weight means denser product.

Fibre/Filament:
Refers to the individual blade of grass.

Galvanized Nail:
A special type of nail used in construction which is coated with zinc to form a protective barrier in order to prevent oxidation or rusting.

Gauge:
The distance between stitch rows. Depending on the product’s weight, a ½ inch gauge or less is optimal.

Infill:
The sand or rubber used on top of turf between fibres for ballast and cushion.

Luster:
The state or quality of shining by light reflection.

Memory:
The tendency for a material to return to a former state after a constraint has been removed.

Monofilament:
A type of thread.

Non-Galvanized Nail:
Nail that is not coated with a protective zinc layer and is often used to secure turf.

Nylon:
Resilient fibre that absorbs three percent of its body weight.

Perforations:
Series of holes in backing providing drainage for the turf.

Permeable:
That which can be permeated or penetrated by liquids or gas.

Pile Height:
The measurement of fibre length.

Polyethylene:
Softest of plastics and used in most face yarns.

Polymer:
Large chemical molecules from which synthetic fibres, infill and back systems are made.

Polypropylene:
A more coarse plastic and is used in thatch yarn or sand-filled putting greens.

Polyurethane:
Used as a coating on backing to lock in fibres.

Powerbroom:
The tool that brushes up turf to create a new or refreshed appearance; prevents the turf from flattening.

Seam:
Where two panels of artificial grass are put together.

Silica Sand:
Broken down quartz granules or minerals or rocks measuring between one-sixteenth and two millimetres in diameter. It is one of the most common varieties of sand found in the non-tropical areas of the world.

Stitch:
A loop of thread or yarn resulting from a single pass or movement of a needle.

Stich Rate:
The number of stitches per row.

Synthetic:
Man-made, not found in the naturally occurring environment.

Thatch:
Textured yarn used with different colours that is situated below the face yarn to enhance recovery.

Total Weight:
The measurement of the entire product in ounces per square yard, which includes face weight and the backing.

Tufted:
Term used to describe the process of manufacturing turf by the insertion of tufts through a backing fabric, creating a pile surface of cute and/or loop ends.

Tuft Bind:
The force that is required to pull a tufted blade out of the backing.

Zeolite Max:
A non-toxic negatively charged zeolite material that comes in a granule form. It neutralises odours caused by ammonia and requires a simple one-time application on top of your turf.